Five Great Examples of Indian Architecture

No trip to India would be complete without visiting the country’s many magnificent architectural edifices. To fully explore them all, it would take several days. While they are all worth a visit, if you are short on time, here are five great Indian architectural marvels you must not miss on your visit.

Taj Majal

(Agra, Uttar Pradesh)

The Taj Mahal is probably India’s most famous structure. About two million people visit the Taj Mahal every year. The white marble mausoleum was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The stunning Mughal architecture is surrounded by a large 980 ft. Mughal garden. The Taj Mahal has long been regarded as “the jewel of Muslim art in India” and has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1983.

Taj Majal in India

Lord Gomateshwara Monolith

(Sravanabelagola, Karnataka)

This giant monolithic statue was constructed in the 10th century A.D. in honor of Lord Bahubali. It is 60 feet tall making it one of the largest and highest monolithic statues in the world. Every 12 years an event called Mahamastakabhisheka is held here. During the festival, the monolith is bathed in pure milk, ghee, curd, saffron, and gold coins. On the last day of the ceremony, a helicopter showers the statue with flowers.

Golden Temple

(Amritsar, Punjab)

The Golden Temple, formally known as the Harmandir Sahib, is one of the most spiritual monuments in India. Over 100,000 people visit the shrine for daily worship. There are four doors to get into the Golden Temple, which symbolizes the openness of the Sikhs to all people and religions. The kitchen onsite feeds 100,000 people daily for free making it one of the largest free kitchens in the world.

Golden Temple in India

Cave at Ajanta & Ellora

(near Aurangabad, Maharashtra)

The 29 caves at Ajanta date back to somewhere between 6th and 11th centuries A.D. while the 34 caves at Ellora date back to somewhere between the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. Both sets of caves are carved out of rocks on the side of cliffs using simple hand tools. Several mural paintings can be found inside the caves.

Cave Temples at Ajanta & Ellora

The Temples of Khajuraho

(Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh)

The Khajuraho Temples were built between 950 and 1150 and are famous for the erotic carvings on some of the inner walls. Every evening the Khajuraho temple complex offers a light and sound show in English and Hindu to explain the complex history, philosophy and art of sculpting of the temples.

The Temples of Khajuraho in India

Roxanne Genier
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Roxanne Genier

Luxury Brand Management Consultant at Roxy Genier
Roxanne or Roxy, founder of Luxe In A City, was nominated as one of the Top 5 Luxury Travel Bloggers by the readers of USA Today. Aside from overseeing this luxury travel blog, she spends her time teaching how to perfect the feeling of luxury to authentic niche brands while traveling the world with her family.
Roxanne Genier
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